Following the Gulf War in the early 90’s, the Israeli government passed the “Mamad” law: obligating each house to include domestic shelter. The Mamad law completed the last phase of an ongoing strategy of the state to integrate civil protection facilities such as public and shared bomb shelters. As the threat upon the civilians of Israel became militarily advanced, so did the means of protection.This cycle of threat vs. defense strengthened the already existing reality of war.This policy of response towards specific problems (the changing threats) distracts from the main problem - the ongoing war. Although today the Mamad has becomes less relevant due to the changing threats it is still mandatory and has a large impact on architecture
of all scales. Being a sensitive matter, it is a difficult objective to study the Mamad law critically, there are alternate feasible strategies towards the safety of both sides of the conflict.
The project proposes a different approach, by utilizing semi private spaces, such as buildings staircases and underground parking, the shelters become less limiting and more influential in our environment.